Tool

Spatialising Challenges and Opportunities

Shocks and stresses are certainly among the main elements that can hamper progress towards more sustainable development. Therefore, identifying how they can affect the different areas in a city is crucial so as to ensure measures taken in each region take them into account so as to ensure they will accomplish long-term positive impact.

This is the resilience addition of the Spatialising Challenges and Opportunities tool.

Goal

Localise the main risks your city faces with regard to sustainable urban development.

Tasks

Step 1: Using the map resulting from the Localising Issues in the City Map exercise*, identify different shocks and stresses possibly associated with each issue you have identified (for the cases where the issues are not shocks or stresses already).

Step 2: Discuss in small groups which shocks and stresses are primary and what are secondary (e.g. if flooding events – primary – lead to pandemics – secondary).

Step 3: For the main risk drivers, map more in detail the area of direct and indirect impact.

Step 4: Confirm if any new SDGs or other relevant global goals from the original exercise are related to the new elements added to the map, and highlight the SDGs associated with the risk drivers.

For a more detailed and quantitative assessment of vulnerabilities and capacities within your city, you can refer to the Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment tool from the Red Cross (see reference below).

Materials

Map of the city in proper resolution and size, dots, post-its and markers (from original exercise).

Note

It is important that the participants are familiar with the concepts of “shocks” and “stresses” (see tool “Rapid Assessment of Long-Term Vision” under Raise Awareness), as well as direct and indirect impacts (see references below).

*Alternatively, participants can start a new map by identifying different shocks and stresses in the different areas of the city. Another possibility is for participants to draw their own city map from scratch, which is a useful exercise to reflect on how each person sees their own city/neighbourhood.

Timeframe

1 – 2 hours

Output

City map with risk areas mapped and main risk drivers identified.